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American Suffragist Alice Paul. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress.

Trailblazer: Alice Paul

Spent 50 years as head of the National Women’s Party

By David Wildstein, February 09 2020 2:54 pm

New Jerseyan Alice Paul (1885-1966) was one of the national leaders of the grassroots American suffragist movement that secured passage and ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution giving women the right to vote.

Paul spent nearly fifty years as the head of the National Women’s Party, which she formed in 1913 after breaking off from the National American Women’s Suffrage Association.   She began her career around 1907 in England as an advocate for women’s voting rights.

On the day before Woodrow Wilson became president in March 2013, Paul organized the Woman Suffrage Procession to pressure Wilson into supporting her movement.  Several years later, she served a seven-month jail sentence for protesting.  She led a hunger strike during that time.

After women were permitted to vote, Paul shifted her mission to civil right and the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.

Paul was born in Mount Laurel.

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